The threat of nuclear weapons maintains world peace

IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

The threat of nuclear weapons maintains world peace. Nuclear power provides cheap and clean energy. The benefit of nuclear technology far outweighs the disadvantages.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:
Nuclear weapon is the double-edged sword as it has devastating power, while it helps maintain world peace. Besides, nuclear technology helps generate cheap and clean energy. To my way of thinking, nuclear technology is boon to human civilization despite its possibility of lethal consequence.

For a start, it sounds paradoxical that the threat of nuclear weapons may maintain world peace. Historically, the ending of the Second World War was accelerated by the dropping of nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and helped maintain long peace between superpowers during the cold war. Why did this happen? The simple math is that when both sides come to realize they can turn one another to ashes with the pressing of a button, they then eventually retreat from their decision. The atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki have changed all by making the costs of nuclear war obvious, unacceptable, and inevitable. Besides, war-prone states is forced to realize that war with a nuclear state is invincible, and thus not worth the effort. Nuclear weapon, in fact, dissuades war-prone states from starting warfare.

Apart from that, nuclear technology is silver bullet to the catastrophic consequences of environmental problems. That is to say, the excessive use of fossil fuels worsens the climate of our planet by increasing global temperature, and unlike fossil fuels, which emit detrimental gases, we can produce green energy with the help of nuclear technology. In addition to this, many deadly diseases can be diagnose at the primary stage and treated effectively with the nuclear technology. For instance, cancer can now be diagnosed at the earlier stage with the help of the nuclear technology called MRI scanner, and treated effectively with radiation therapy.

In fine, nuclear technology has immense benefits to human civilization, while it has prospect of bringing apocalyptic destruction. It can maintain world peace, protect environment, and cure fatal diseases. So, the benefits of the nuclear technology outweigh the disadvantages.