IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write at least 250 words.
The amount of drinkable water for people is decreasing
Why is this?
What can be done?
Water is an essential element for humanity’s survival and its availability has been a cause for concern for a long time due to its increasing scarcity. In recent decades, the amount of drinkable water for people has been decreasing drastically. This essay will discuss the main reasons for this phenomenon and suggest possible measures to address it.
The primary cause for the decrease in the amount of drinkable water for people is pollution. Industrial waste, pesticides, and other pollutants have been contaminating water sources such as rivers, lakes, and underground aquifers, making them unsuitable for human consumption. Additionally, global warming has led to an increase in the water temperature, which has resulted in the death of aquatic species and the alteration of the chemical and physical characteristics of the water. This has further aggravated the problem as it has made the water unsuitable for drinking.
Another major cause of the decrease in the amount of drinkable water is the over-extraction of groundwater by humans. This is mainly due to the increased demand for water for agriculture, industry, and domestic use. This has led to an unsustainable use of water resources, resulting in a decrease in the availability of drinkable water.
In order to address this problem, there are a number of measures that can be taken. Firstly, governments should introduce strict regulations to reduce the pollution of water sources. This could include legislation to control industrial waste and the use of pesticides in agriculture. Additionally, governments should promote the use of renewable energy sources such as solar and wind, thus reducing the reliance on fossil fuels and reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming.
Secondly, governments should introduce water conservation policies. These could include the implementation of efficient irrigation systems and the regulation of water usage in both the domestic and industrial sectors. This would help to ensure that water is used in a sustainable way and reduce the over-extraction of groundwater.
Finally, governments should invest in the development of new technologies that can be used to clean water sources and make them suitable for human consumption. This could include the use of nanotechnology and filtration systems to purify water to a safe level for drinking.
In conclusion, the decrease in the amount of drinkable water for people is a major problem that needs to be addressed urgently. The main causes for this are pollution and the unsustainable use of water resources. In order to tackle this issue, governments should introduce strict regulations to reduce pollution, promote the use of renewable energy sources, introduce water conservation policies, and invest in new technologies to clean and purify water sources.