IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write at least 250 words.
Many researchers believe that we can now study the behaviour of children to see if they will grow up to be criminals, while others disagree
To what extent do you think crime is determined by genetics?
Is it possible to stop children from growing up to be criminals?
The debate about whether crime is determined by genetics or environmental factors has been ongoing for many years. Some researchers believe that it is possible to predict a child’s future behaviour based on their genetic makeup, whilst others argue that environment and upbringing are more influential. This essay will discuss both sides of the argument, before concluding that crime is largely determined by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
On the one hand, there is compelling evidence to suggest that genetics play a significant role in criminal behaviour. Twin studies have been used to demonstrate that individuals with the same genetic makeup are more likely to display similar criminal behaviour. Furthermore, researchers have identified a variant of the MAOA gene which has been linked to aggression and violent behaviour. This suggests that an individual’s genetic makeup can influence their likelihood of engaging in criminal activity.
On the other hand, environmental factors are also thought to play a role in criminal behaviour. Research has shown that individuals who grow up in deprived or violent environments are more likely to display criminal behaviour. This is likely to be due to the fact that such individuals are more likely to be exposed to antisocial behaviour and develop negative attitudes towards society. In addition to this, individuals who experience poverty or discrimination are more likely to engage in criminal activity as a means of coping with their situation.
In conclusion, it is clear that both genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of criminal behaviour. It is not possible to predict an individual’s future behaviour based solely on their genetic makeup, as environmental factors are also likely to influence their behaviour. Therefore, it is important to provide children with a supportive and nurturing environment, in order to reduce the likelihood of them engaging in criminal activity in later life.