Water use worldwide & water consumption in two countries

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 with answer.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph and table below give information about water use worldwide and water consumption in two different countries.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

                                         Global water used by sector

Global water used by sector

                     Water consumption in Brazil and Congo in 2000

Water consumption in Brazil and Congo in 2000

Sample Answer 1:
The given illustration provides information about the worldwide water use and the consumption of water in Brazil and Democratic Republic of Congo in the year 2000. As is observed from the given data, agricultural water is significantly more than that of industrial and domestic use worldwide.

The water usages worldwide in three main sectors are agriculture, industry and domestic. The use of water is given in cubic kilometer. Initially in 1900 the water use in agriculture was about 500 cubic km while it was quite less for industry and domestic use. Over the time the use of water in the world increased and more water was required to be used in industry and houses after 1950. The consumption of water for agriculture always remained far more than that of other two sectors and these consumption increased very sharply after 1970s. Finally in the year 2000, the water consumption agricultural field was more than three thousand cubic km while it was just above one thousand for industries and about 500 for domestic usages.

The table data outlines the consumption of water in Brazil and Congo. Water consumption in Brazil was 359 cubic metre person compared to only 8 cubic meter per person in Congo. Though the total population of Brazil (176 million) was much higher than that of Congo (5.2 million), per person water consumption in Congo showed their scarcity of their water. Total irrigation land in Brazil was also significantly higher (26,500 square km) than that of Congo (only 100 square km).

Sample Answer 2:
The line graph compares the water consumption in three different sectors globally from the year 1900 to 2000 while the table data shows the water consumption in Brazil and Congo in 2000.

The line graph shows that water consumption in 1900 in domestic usages and industrial sector was below 100 cubic km while the usages of water in agricultural sector was much higher ( around 500 cubic km. The water consumption in  houses remained steady till 1962 while this consumption in industries increased after 1930 . On the contrary, the water consumption in agricultural sector increased rapidly till 1959 and after that it rocketed to 3000 cubic km in the year 2000 from the initial consumption of 400 cubic km in 1900. Both in domestic needs and industrial needs for water consumption increased after 1965 but the consumption in industrial purposes was higher than that of domestic usages. In 2000, total 400 cubic km water was consumed globally for domestic purposes while this amount was well over 1000 cubic km in industrial sector.

The table data presents that, total population in Brazil was 176 million in the year 2000 and they had over 26 thousand square km farming land. In this year average water consumption per person in Brazil was 359 cubic meter. On the other other hand, Congo had a smaller population (5.2 million) and only 100 square km irrigated land. Water consumption in Democratic Republic of Congo was only 8 cubic meter per person in this same year. This summarise that there is a direct relationship between the total population & farming land and the average water consumption in a country.