Trends in US meat and poultry consumption

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 with answer.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below shows trends in US meat and poultry consumption.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.


meat and poultry consumption U.S

Sample Answer:
The provided illustration presents data on meat and poultry consumption in the USA from 1955 to 2007 and also forecast the data for the year 2012. The consumption is provided in per capita, boneless by species. The Y axis presents the consumption amount in Pound while the X axis presents the years. Overall the consumption of four types of meats namely beef, pork, broilers and turkey showed many fluctuations over the years and finally in 2007 the popularity of broiler meat increased.

As is observed from the line graph, beef consumption was highest in the USA initially in 1955 amounting just below 60 pounds per capita. In this year the second most popular meat type was pork with an average 50 pound consumption. No data for broiler and turkey consumption in the US was given till the year 1960. In this year, the consumptions of broiler and turkey were about 15 and 5 pounds compared to the consumption of 60 pound and 50 pound respectively for beef and pork. After 1960, the consumption of broiler kept on increasing while turkey consumption remained stable till 1982 with about 8 pound. During this time the consumption of beef and pork showed some fluctuation and the highest beef consumption reached to  90 pound in 1977. This was the highest consumption rate per capita for any meat type in the USA.

The trend of increased consumption could be observed for the broiler type while turkey and pork consumption remained almost stable throughout the years. On the contrary beef consumption got decreased. In 2007, the beef and broiler consumption became almost same while pork and turkey consumption reached to about 45 pound and 11 pound. The USDA forecast shows that the consumption of boiler would become highest among the given poultry and meat types at around the year 2012 reaching at about 48 pound when beef consumption would be in second position with almost same consumption amount. At that time pork and turkey consumption would be about 42 pounds and 11 pounds per capita respectively.