IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write at least 250 words.
The manufacturing and use of cars damages the environment but their popularity is increasing
Why is this?
How could this be controlled?
It is undeniable that the production and use of automobiles has had a negative effect on the environment, particularly in terms of air pollution, noise pollution and the consumption of fossil fuels. Despite this, the popularity of the automobile shows no signs of abating and is on the rise. This essay will discuss the reasons for this and will propose possible steps to reduce the damage caused by cars.
There are a number of factors that have contributed to the rising popularity of cars. To begin with, cars have become much more affordable in recent years due to advances in technology and manufacturing processes. This has made cars accessible to a much wider range of people, particularly in developing countries where public transport infrastructure is often limited or non-existent. In addition, cars have become symbols of wealth and status, particularly in urban centres where the latest models are seen as a status symbol.
In order to reduce the environmental damage caused by cars, it is essential that governments implement stringent regulations and standards. For example, manufacturers should be required to use cleaner fuel sources, such as electricity or biofuels, and to reduce emissions of pollutants. In addition, the use of cars should be discouraged in urban areas through the introduction of congestion charges, while the use of public transport should be encouraged through financial incentives and improved infrastructure. Finally, governments should also invest in research and development of alternative forms of transportation, such as electric vehicles or autonomous cars, which could provide a cleaner alternative to petrol or diesel powered vehicles.
In conclusion, it is clear that the production and use of cars has had a negative impact on the environment, yet their popularity continues to rise. This can be attributed to their affordability, as well as to their status as a symbol of wealth. In order to reduce the damage caused by cars, governments should implement stringent regulations and standards, discourage their use in urban areas, and invest in alternative forms of transportation.