IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 with answer.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The flow chart illustrates the consequences of deforestation.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
The given illustration provides information about the effects of deforestation. Overall, the deforestation brings many negative consequences including flooding, decreased biodiversity, drought and soil erosion are some of them.
As is presented in the illustration, the main consequences and outcomes of deforestation could be divided in four major categories. First, heavy logging tools and equipments compress the soil which in terms makes the soil hard and baked. Because of that rain water runs off and the devastating floods hit us. Secondly, because of the cutting trees from the forest only few roots hold the top soil in place and this causes the soil erosion. Thirdly, the risk of deliberate or accidental burning increases and waste woods from the logging is destroyed. Micro organisms rely on the waste lost and pioneer species move in while the vegetation is reduced. This whole process creates a great loss to the biodiversity. Finally because of the deforestation less moisture returns to air and that causes less precipitation. In turns it causes drought. The increased drought, soil erosion, and because of vegetation degradation less biodiversity could be observed.