IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write at least 250 words.
Scientists have been warning for many years about environmental protection and how important it is to limit our personal energy consumption
What are the causes of the over-consumption of electricity?
How can people be encouraged to use less energy?
In recent years, the warnings of scientists about the need to protect the environment and limit personal energy consumption have grown louder. This essay will explore two of the key issues related to this topic: the causes of excessive electricity consumption and how people can be encouraged to reduce their energy usage.
The primary cause of overconsumption of electricity is the proliferation of new technology. As the cost of electronic devices such as computers, phones and televisions has fallen, so too has their availability. This has led to an exponential increase in the number of electrical appliances in the home, each of which requires a constant supply of electricity. Furthermore, technological advances such as the internet, streaming services and games consoles have led to an ever-increasing demand for energy.
The second cause of energy overconsumption is the lack of awareness of the environmental impact of electricity use. This is often compounded by the fact that electricity is relatively inexpensive and easy to access. As a result, many people do not feel the need to limit their energy consumption, as they are unaware of the consequences of their actions.
There are a number of measures that can be taken to encourage people to use less energy. Firstly, governments should introduce legislation to limit the amount of electricity that individuals can consume. This could involve setting a cap on the total amount of electricity used in the home, or introducing incentives for energy conservation. Secondly, education should be provided to inform people of the environmental impacts of electricity overconsumption. This could be done through campaigns in the media, or through initiatives in schools and universities. Thirdly, the cost of electricity should be increased in order to discourage people from using more than they need. Finally, alternative energy sources such as solar and wind power should be promoted to reduce the reliance on electricity.
In conclusion, it is clear that excessive energy consumption is a major environmental issue, and one that needs to be addressed urgently. The causes of this problem are the proliferation of new technology, and a lack of awareness of the environmental impacts of electricity use. To encourage people to reduce their energy consumption, governments should introduce legislation, provide education and increase the cost of electricity. Finally, the promotion of alternative energy sources will help to reduce the reliance on electricity.