IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 with answer.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below shows the quantities of goods transported in the UK between 1974 and 2002 by four different modes of transport.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
Goods transported in UK (1974-2002)
The provided line graph gives information about the different modes of goods transportation and the quantity of products transported in the United Kingdom from 1974 to 2002. As is given in the line graph, road, water, rail and pipeline transportation modes were used to transport goods in the United Kingdom during the given period and most of the goods were transported using the roads.
According to the given illustration, about 70 million tones of various goods were transported in the UK using the road transportation system initially in 1974. In this year second largest goods quantity (40 million tonnes) was transported using the rail lines while almost similar amount of goods were brought in using water ways. Pipelines were used to bring the minimum amount of goods which consisted of about 5 million tones.
Over the years, the amount of goods transported in the UK increased with some fluctuations and the use of water ways increased significantly. Roads remained the main transportation systems for bringing these goods through the years and in 2002 about 100 million tonnes of goods were transported in the UK using road transportation systems. Water ways contributed the second largest quantity of goods transportation in this year which was more than 60 million tones. Total amount of goods transported using the railway showed some fluctuations but remained almost same as it was in 1974. Finally the use of pipeline for goods transportation increased to over 20 million tonnes compared to only 5 million tonnes in 1974.