IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 with answer.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main feature and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
Proportion of population aged 65 and over
The given line graph compares the number of aged population who are 65 years old or over in three different countries from 1940 and gives projection till 2040.
According to the line graph, the number of aged population in the USA was about 9% of the total population while this percentages in Sweden and in Japan were about 7% and 5% consecutively in 1940. After 20 years this proportion of aged population in the USA increased to 10% while it decreased to about 3% in Japan. In this period, the aged population in Sweden was about 7%. Over the period the aged population in Japan remained steady till 1990 while this percentage in two other given countries increased.
After 1990, the percentages of aged population in all the three countries showed some fluctuations and overall increase could be observed. The projection shows that the number of aged people who are either 65 years or older would increase significantly. It is forecasted that the percentage of senior citizens in all the three countries would increase sharply and would reach to over 25% approximately which is almost 5 times higher than that was in earlier 1940.