Percentage of the population living in urban areas

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 with answer.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar chart below gives information about the percentage of the population living in urban areas in the world and in different continents.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

Percentage of population in urban areas

population in urban areas

Source: UN, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2005 Revision (2006) and Carl Haub, 2007 World Population Data Sheet.

Sample Answer:
The given illustration presents data about the urban area population in the world and also their distributions in 5 continents. The data was taken from the World population data sheet.

As is given is the bar graph, 29% world population lived in urban areas throughout the world. Among the five continents the distributions of population in urban areas were 15, 17, 51, 42 and 64 percents respectively. Urban population percentage in North America was highest among the given continents which was 64% in this year while it was lowest in Africa with 15%.

In 2007, the total urban population word wide reached to 49% which was far more than it was in 1950. This year the urban population percentage in Africa was 37 which was lowest among the five continent. In Asia this percentage was 41 while it was more than 70% for the remaining continents.

Finally it is forecasted that the more than half of the world population will live in urban area in 2030. In North America, Latin America and Europe the urban population would be around 80% while it would be slightly more than half of the total population in Asia and Africa.