Numbers of male and female workers in several employment sectors

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 with answer.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graphs below show the numbers of male and female workers in 1975 and 1995 in several employment sectors of the republic of Freedonia.

Write a report for a university teacher describing the information shown.

You should write at least 150 words.

Employment in Freedonia by sex in 6 sectors, 1975

Employment in Freedonia 1975

Employment in Freedonia bye sex in 6 sectors, 1995

Employment in Freedonia 1995

Sample Answer:
The given diagrams present information about the employment scenarios both for male and female in Freedonia in 1975. The employment sectors are categories in six main categories and it compares the employment condition in 1975 and 9195.

As is observed in the graph, initially in 1975 men had far better employment conditions than that of female in Freedonia. In manufacturing sector there were about 700 men out of 1000 compared to only about 300 female per thousand. In ‘wholesale & retain trade’ and ‘public sector (defence) there were more male employees (about 700-900) compared to around 500-700 female. Similarly in Finance and banking sector male were prominent. Only sector where the gap between male and female employees was less was in communication sector where around 300 male and 200 female were working.

After 20 years, the scenario of employment sectors in Freedonia changes significantly. The female employment specially improved a lot and the gap started to decrease. Women were almost equal in number in Finance & banking and wholesale and retail trade. Overall number of job holders in these six sectors increased but male were still predominant in manufacturing and communications sector.