Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish

IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish.
Why do you think this is happening?
What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

In this industrial era, thousands of millions of tons rubbish are being produced around the world every day. This garbage generates in many ways and thus it becomes a pressing problem regarding ecology. Both the government and individuals should be aware of this grave problem without any delay. Otherwise, there will be a disaster waiting for us.

Sever factors lie in increasing the amount of rubbish. Firstly, as we all know that the earth can assimilate all the organic things like fruits, vegetables, human or animal body, and so forth, which is good for environment. But due to the technological advancement, plastic and metal are being used as packaging that is resistant to degradation makes real cause for rubbish. Secondly, the lifestyle of people is also account for garbage. People are now more consumptive than ever before. Therefore the wastage of their consumption is proliferating automatically. Moreover, now people tend to just throw out their old electronic devices, such as cell phone, monitor, laptop and so on, and these all cause the electronic wastage.

However, to solve this problem, both the government and citizen have to undertake few courses. First of all, the government needs to devise a good waste-management policy and Sweden is a good example to be mentioned here. A recycling revolution has taken place there. They have proved themselves as a very good waste management country in the world. The Scandinavian country is now closer to zero waste. Even, the country is importing garbage from the neighborhood countries to feed their thirty two waste-to-energy plant. As a result, the country transforms the garbage into commodity. The government should also restrict the production of plastic packaging and can encourage organic products like jute or paper bags. Secondly, people should change their habit of consumption. Besides, they ought to use recycled and biodegradable package.

To sum up, it is we who should have the responsibility to keep the place living friendly where we live. In order to do so, we have to follow fairly hard-and-fast rules when it comes to managing our waste, both for households and more industries and municipalities.