Nowadays traffic in major cities is worsening

IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Nowadays traffic in major cities is worsening. What problems does it create? How can we help solve these problems as individuals?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:
Today traffic congestion tends to worsening in major cities. In these cities, drivers face peak hour congestion that prolongs travel time during rush hour by fifteen percent or more. Too many cars on the road simultaneously, the uniformity of work schedule, and accident are the prime causes of this pressing problem. As an individual, we can contribute to reducing the grave issue of traffic congestion.

Several factors are responsible for happening traffic jam. First of all, the basic problem with traffic jam is that there are too many cars try to use the available capacity of road simultaneously. When many cars set forth at the same time, the road eventually reaches gridlock point during rush hour. Similarly, the uniformity of work routine also exacerbates traffic gridlock. The uniformity of work schedule mean every job holder is on the road at same time that obviously induces traffic congestion. Moreover, obstructions caused by accidents can trigger traffic congestion. Most of cases, an accident can block the roadway. Consequently, vehicles are deadlocked that creates drastic traffic congestion.

However, individuals can play a fantastic role in reducing traffic jam. First of all, where possible they should use public transport rather such as buses or trains rather than using private transport like cars. That would be more efficient utilization of limited urban roads. Secondly, driving behavior has an impact on traffic gridlock. It makes everything worse. It is not the silver bullet to fix the traffic jam, but if one combine the right systems with disciplined driving, at least 20 to 30 percent mitigation in traffic congestion is possible. Lastly, if one lives closer to where he works, he can reach his workplace within few minutes by the simple form of transportation.

In conclusion, traffic congestion is a grave problem in our city life. Although several factor cause traffic gridlock, individuals can take some responsibilities themselves to mitigate this pressing problem.