IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write at least 250 words.
Nowadays people live longer after they retire
How does this affect individuals and society?
What can be done about this?
In recent years, people are living longer after they retire, a phenomenon which has major implications for individuals and society. This essay will discuss the effects of an ageing population, and the measures that can be taken to manage it.
First of all, an increase in life expectancy after retirement has a huge impact on individuals. For people who remain healthy, more time can be devoted to leisure activities, such as hobbies and travel, and this can bring great joy and fulfilment. For example, a recent survey found that retirees who engaged in activities such as creative pursuits, sports and volunteering reported greater happiness than those who simply stayed at home. However, for those who suffer from age-related health problems, a longer lifespan can be a burden, as the cost of medical care can be expensive and the quality of life can be low.
The impact of an ageing population can also be felt by society as a whole. On the one hand, the experience and wisdom of the elderly can be a great asset to the community, and their involvement in activities such as mentoring and volunteering can benefit younger generations. On the other hand, an ageing population can put pressure on public resources, such as pensions and healthcare. As people live longer, they require more financial and social support, which can be difficult to provide without additional taxation.
To address the issue of an ageing population, there are a number of measures that can be taken. Firstly, governments should introduce measures to encourage healthy lifestyles, such as providing health education and subsidising healthy food. Secondly, the retirement age should be raised in order to reduce the burden on public resources. Thirdly, employers should be incentivised to provide flexible working opportunities for elderly people, allowing them to stay in the workforce for longer. Lastly, there should be more initiatives to promote intergenerational activities, such as mentoring and volunteering, which can help to create a stronger society.
In conclusion, an increase in life expectancy after retirement can have both positive and negative effects on individuals and society. To ensure that the elderly population is supported and that public resources are not overloaded, governments, employers and individuals should take steps to manage the situation.