IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write at least 250 words.
More and more people in developing countries are purchasing cars for the first time
What problems does this cause?
What do you think are the possible solutions?
The growing demand for cars in developing countries has created a range of issues which need to be addressed to ensure that the benefits of car ownership are maximized. Primarily, this is due to the fact that increased car ownership leads to increased pollution, congestion and decreased safety on roads. This essay will discuss the problems caused by the rapid increase in car ownership and the possible solutions that can be implemented.
The primary issue that arises from increased car ownership in developing countries is air pollution. This is due to the fact that combustion engines used in vehicles emit pollutants such as particulate matter and carbon dioxide, which can contribute to respiratory diseases and global warming. In addition, increased car ownership can lead to increased levels of noise pollution due to the louder engines of cars. This can cause disruption to local communities, which can lead to a decrease in quality of life.
Another problem caused by increased car ownership is the increase in traffic congestion. This is due to the fact that the number of vehicles on the roads increases, leading to an increase in the number of traffic jams and delays. This can lead to frustration for drivers, as well as a decrease in productivity as people spend more time stuck in traffic. Finally, increased car ownership leads to a decrease in road safety, due to the increased number of drivers on the roads who may be inexperienced or unaware of the rules of the road.
There are a number of solutions that can be implemented to address these problems. Firstly, governments in developing countries can encourage the use of public transport by providing subsidies to commuters, and improving the quality of public transport services. This can help to reduce the number of cars on the road, as well as reduce air pollution and traffic congestion. Secondly, governments can implement strict regulations on the types of cars that are allowed on the roads, such as enforcing the use of electric or hybrid cars. This can help to reduce the amount of pollutants emitted by vehicles, as well as make roads safer.
Finally, governments can invest in infrastructure such as roads and traffic lights to help reduce congestion on the roads. This can help to reduce traffic delays and make roads safer by enabling drivers to move more freely. In addition, governments can also invest in public awareness campaigns to educate drivers about the rules of the road and to encourage safe driving practices.
In conclusion, increased car ownership in developing countries can lead to a range of problems, such as air pollution, traffic congestion and decreased safety on roads. However, these problems can be addressed by implementing a range of solutions, such as encouraging the use of public transport, implementing regulations on cars, investing in infrastructure and raising public awareness.