The chart and table below give information about population figures in Japan.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
You should write at least 150 words.
Japan’s population: past, present and future trends
IELTS Academic Writing Task 1: Sample Answer
The given data shows the population of Japan as well as the percentage of elderly population there from 1950 and also gives prediction till the year 2055. As is seen in the given diagram, population of Japan started to decline after 2005 and after 2035 it will sharply decrease. The population over 65 years will be more than 40% of total population in the year 2055.
As is shown in the bar graph, Japan’s population in 1950 was only 84 million. The population kept on increasing without any exception and in 2005 it reached to over 127 million which was the highest population in Japan. After 2005 the population dropped and in 2015 it was just over 125 million. After 20 years the population will drop sharply and finally in 2055 the population of Japan would be only 89.9 million which is almost same as it was in 1950. The prediction clearly indicates that the population of Japan is surely to drop in the future.
Again, the table data presents the numbers and percentages of elderly population in Japan who are over 65 years old. As is seen, the number of such older citizens in Japan was only 4.1 million which was less than 5% of total population. This percentage reached to 20 in 2005 and it is predicted that in the future more than one third of Japanese population will be over 65 years old.