You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
In some countries young people are forced to work in different sectors and have little leisure time and are usually under a lot of pressure to work hard in their work place.
What do you think are the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest?
Give reasons for your answer and give any relevant example or experience you might have to support your answer.
Write at least 250 words.
Many countries, particularly developing countries, are the hotbed of child labour where the youngsters have mere time resulting in work hard in their studies. Several reasons lie in the fact including poverty and unemployment, limited access to education, violation of laws, and even globalization. However, every problem has a remedy in this world and child labour is not an exception in this regard. To combat this problem, we need to address the causes first and then work on to eradicate the causes.
First and foremost cause is poverty and unemployment. In many cases, the poor children and their families are bound to rely on child labour in order to meet their basic needs. In a statistics, United Nations has revealed that one-fourth of the world’s population live in extreme poverty. The intensified poverty in Asia, Africa and Latin America induces many children there to surrender to child labour.
Secondly, many children in developing countries have limited access to compulsory and free education. Most of the developing countries, the government is corrupted and is inefficient to provide children with free education. In 2005, there are approximately seventy five million children who are not in school. Besides, drop out from school is very familiar scenario in many poor countries.
Thirdly, the government of developing countries, in many cases, is helpless to impose laws or codes of conduct. Everyone acknowledges that child lobour is curse but most families confine to very limited choice. That is to say, they know not putting a child to work means there will not be enough food on the table for everybody. In addition, many manufactures have predilection for child labour due their cheap labour. As a result, the government cannot enforce laws even they want to.
Last but not the least, globalization is also a good contributor to this case. Many multi-national companies employ children directly lobour-intensive low-skill jobs. MNCs may employ children, since they are an excellent source of cheap, unskilled, and not-demanding lobour. MNCs also employ children in indirect ways. It takes place when they purchase from local manufactures goods and services produced by children. For instance, brand name companies like Wal-Mart and Disney buy their clothing from Bangladesh which employ and many times exploit children through appalling working conditions, long working hours and extremely low wages.