In general people are living longer now

IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the causes of this phenomenon.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:
Life expectancy across the world has increased considerably over the few decades. The increase in life expectancy has been driven by the development in medical science and an easy access to education. These two factors mainly contribute to the recent phenomenon of life expectancy. Because, with the rapid development of medical science, once incurable diseases are now curable on the one hand, and on the other hand, easy access to education helps people to lead a better healthier life.

Over the last few decades, medical science has made an explosive progress. Both medicinal and surgical treatments have developed rapidly. Consequently, once considered incurable diseases like pox, polio, plague, malaria, etc. can be cured today and these diseases have now almost been eradicated from the planet. Besides, brain surgeries, open heart surgeries, treatment of fatal diseases like tuberculosis, cancer etc. have all become curable. Stones and internal tumors which considered incurable just few years ago can now be possible. Blood transfusions can save life of those who are dying of wounds or sufferings from any other diseases caused by blood shortage. Thus, medical science has helped people to combat against deadly diseases efficiently that have lengthened life.

Education is another factor that causes the rise of life expectancy. People have now more access to education that they know how to live a healthier life. Besides, many campaigns emphasizing the prevention of ailment aware them of deadly diseases and teach them how to take precaution for such diseases. In addition, education helps mothers to provide better care for their children and pass on knowledge that improves their children’s life. Moreover, with adequate education, people also gains access to other key factors that help increase life expectancy such nutritious food, safe water, sanitation, immunization and medical care. In fact, education plays a vital role in increasing the life expectancy.

In short, life expectancy worldwide has risen in few decades. The rapid progress in medical science and easy access to education play a vital role in rise of recent life expectancy.