Governments should promote alternative sources of energy

IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Governments should make more effort to promote alternative sources of energy.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:
It is hard to think a single day without energy in this industrial era. Energy is the main key to sustainable development. However, in almost every case, we are using fossil fuels like oil, coal, and natural gas. Consequently, we are in a risky position regarding energy security and greenhouse gas emission. Therefore, every government should look for alternative sources of energy in order to ensure energy security and environmentally friendly planet.
Every day, fossil fuels meet the increasing demand of energy used in industries, agriculture, households, producing electricity, and so on. But the fact is that these sources of energy are limited. In addition, it is expected that world population will be double by 2050 which indicates that the energy consumption will increase in times than now by this twenty-first century. It can be easily predicted that increasing consumption of energy will soon deplete the natural sources of energy. So, governments around the world have to acknowledge the concern of decreasing fossil fuels and should explore alternative sources of energy.

Again, global warming is caused by primarily the burning of fossil fuels that emit CO2, methane and other greenhouse gases into the environment. Global warming is having a considerable impact on the planet right now in a multitude of ways. We can experience this happening in real times in many places around the world. Ice is melting in mountain glaciers and both the polar ice caps. The American Climate Central reveals that extreme weather for instance drought, acid rain, heat waves, rainstorms and blizzards will continue to occur more frequently and with greater intensity as the result of global warming. In addition, the more ice melt means the more sea level rise. In 2014, according to the World Meteorological Organization, the sea level rise accelerated .12 inches per year on average worldwide. The rate of increase is expected to accelerate in the coming years. It shows that if the current trends continue, many coastal areas, where roughly half of the world population lives, will be flooded. Moreover, global warming has a profound and widespread effect on ecosystem. Many species are already moving north due to the warming temperature. It indicates that many species may not be able to survive in the new climate regime and may go extinct.

In conclusion, all that I want to say that every government has to devise alternative resources of energy. This is because we cannot use these fossil fuels forever and also these are severely detrimental for our planet. So government around the world should encourage the alternative sources of energy which do not deplete our natural resources or harm our atmosphere.