Governments Should Give Each Citizen A Basic Income

IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write at least 250 words.

The governments should give each citizen a basic income so that they have enough money to live on, even if they are unemployed

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Sample Answer:

The idea of providing citizens with a basic income is a highly contentious issue. There are multiple arguments both for and against the idea, and it is difficult to come to a definitive conclusion. This essay will examine both sides of the debate, before concluding that, while there are benefits to the policy, it is difficult to justify the cost.

On the one hand, giving a basic income to all citizens, regardless of employment status, could be beneficial in the long run. It would ensure that all people had a basic level of financial security, which could be a major contributor to improved mental health and wellbeing. Additionally, it could reduce poverty, as people would not have to worry about making ends meet. This could also benefit society as a whole, as it might reduce crime rates, as people would not have to resort to illegal activities to make money.

On the other hand, it is difficult to justify the huge costs that would be incurred to bring in such a policy. Governments may have to raise taxes to cover the cost of the payments, which could have a negative impact on the economy. Additionally, there is the risk that people may feel less motivated to look for employment, as they know they will have a basic income regardless. This could lead to fewer people in work, which would again have an economic impact.

In conclusion, it is clear that providing a basic income for all citizens has the potential to benefit society, however, the cost implications make it difficult to justify. It may be better to focus on other policies that could help to reduce poverty and improve financial security in a more cost-effective way.