Farming practice has changed to include methods like factory farming

IELTS Writing Task 2 with sample answer.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

In recent years, farming practice has changed to include methods such as factory farming and the use of technology to improve crops. Some people believe these developments are necessary, while others regard them as dangerous and advocate a return to more traditional farming methods.

Discuss both points of view and give your own opinion.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:
In the past, food used to be produced naturally by people, through hard work and horse drawn equipment. But now farmers and business people use advanced technological procedures in fields to manufacture food. Technology has brought a great transformation in the field of agriculture, which has enriched the farming with variety of foods but many of them are produced using methods like factory farming and genetically modified foods. Some people think that modern technology should be used to produce food in any way possible for the increase population while others disagree and support the natural way of producing foods.

On one hand, with the technological help and modern farming, the farmers do not have to work hard as much they did in the past, which is fair to some extent. Technology has made it possible to create new breed of crops and increased productivity is a blessing for the ever increasing population of the world. The modern use of transport, fertilization convenience, and factory products have made farming easy than the past. The food can be preserved, genetically modified, transported to remote location easily and these all advancements are helpful for a nation.

On the other hand, the use of technology in farming and food processing has many negative consequences. Overuse of the pesticides and other chemicals contaminate the foods and many people are unknowingly consuming toxic elements through the foods they consume.  While genetically modified and factory produced foods offer a solution to the starvation of a nation, the quality of food is being affected. The technical farming is not healthier or full of nourishing characteristic as compared to non-technical farming. Thus healthier food is a main concern for people and they suggest reverting back to the old way or producing crops and processing food.

In conclusion, the use of modern technology in farming and food producing has some negative effects but we cannot deny the fact that without increasing the food production people will starve to death in the future. The growing number of starving people worldwide and the decreasing farming land are two major facts we should focus on using technological advancement for food processing but should not use harmful chemicals for personal benefits.

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