You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Today, more universities graduates are unable to find jobs. Discuss the causes of rising unemployment among young adults and suggest any solutions.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer :
Nowadays, a large number of universities graduates fails to find jobs. They are unable to meet the demands of employers, largely owing to the inconsistence between tertiary education and social demand. In addition, the university enrollment also contribute to the phenomenon. However, the government and scholars should work hand in hand so as to instigate a programme of reforms in our education system.
The high employment rate among university graduates is caused by the lack of competencies associated with job fields. University graduates very often fail to demonstrate the skills needed in the labour market. The labour market is ever changing, and with development of globalization, it requires transversal competencies are highly valued by the employers, for example communication skills, analytical abilities, intercultural skills, a talent to work in team and on projects, business acumen, and so on. Empirical evidences shows that many university graduates do not possess these skills, and thus fail to entertain the needs of the employers. Besides, the expanding university enrollment is another key reason of youth unemployment.
In order to grapple with the issue, the government should introduce an active labour market policy. That is to say, the government ought to instigate a set of programmes that intervene in the labour market to assist university graduates to find jobs. The government may introduce public employment services. For instance, if the government establishes job centres that disseminate information about vacancies and provide graduates with assistance pertaining to interview skills and writing a CV. The government also can introduce training schemes, for example apprenticeships and classes that would help the young adults improve their vocational competencies and hence enhance their employability. However, most importantly, the government should reform current education system in order to curb the graduate unemployment effectively over the long term. The government should devise the teaching method and content so that the students can engage to the real world and studying at the same time, to gain new knowledge and experience.
To reiterate, today’s young people embody tomorrow’s workforce. Unfortunately, they are driven to the edged of cliff as they are not armed with the weapon of skills required for the workplace. There is a severe risk of squandering the talents of these graduates if an effective, co-ordinated policy is not taken immediately. To that end, the government should instigate fundamental reforms of the education system and should introduce active labour market policy as well.