IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 with answer.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below gives information about changes in the birth and death rates in New Zealand between 1901 and 2101.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
Birth and death rates in New Zealand
The given diagram depicts the fluctuations on death and birth rates in New Zealand from 1901 and also gives projection till the year 2101.
As is observed from the line graph, initially in 1901, the death rate in New Zealand was just over 20 per thousand while the birth rate was below 10 per thousand in this same year. Over the years, both the birth and death rates showed many fluctuations and in 2001, after a century, this rates for birth went to around 60 per thousand. The death rate in this year was about 30 per thousand and then the death rate kept on increasing significantly. After 2001, the birth rate kept on decreasing slightly. The birth rate in New Zealand was highest around the year 1950-1960. The projection about the birth and death rates show that birth rate will decrease gradually while the sharp increase will happen in case of death rate. According to the projection, in 2101, the birth rate will be around 50 per thousand people while the death rate will be 60 per thousand citizens in New Zealand.